Wednesday, 21 March 2012

Skema Power Amplifier 2N3055

2N3055 Power Amplifier
Skema Rangkaian 2N3055 Power Amplifier
Amplifier power is a series of electronics that is used to strengthen the power (or energy in general). In the field of audio, amplifier will amplify the sound signal (which has been expressed in the form of electric current) on the input it into electric current is stronger at the output. The amount of strengthening is often known by the term gain. Value of the gain is expressed as a function of frequency is called the transfer function.

So the gain is the result of the power output (Pout) and power at the input to its function in the form of frequency. The size of the gain, (G) is usually the Decibel (dB).

Skema 2N3055 Power Amplifier. The optimal supply voltage is around 30V, but this amp work from 24 to 32V. The maximal input voltage is around 0.8 - 1V. As you can see, in this design the components have a big tolerance, so you can build it almost of the components, which you find at home. The and transistors can be any NPN type power transistor, but do not use Darlington types. The output power is around 150 Watt.

Amplifier schematic:

capacitor C1 regulates the low frequencies (bass), as the capacitance grows, the low frequncies are getting louder.

capacitor C2 regulates the higher frequencies (treble), as the capacitance grows, the higher frequencies are getting quiter.

this is a class B amplifier, this means, that a current must flow through the end transistors, even if there is no signal on the input. This current can be regulated with the 500Ω trimmer resistor. As this current incrases, the sound of the amplifier gets better, but the end transistors are more heating. But if this current decrases, the transistors are not heating so much, but the sound gets worse.